(a) In addition to the standards in Subchapter C of this chapter (relating to Minimum Standards for All Licensed Home and Community Support Services Agencies), an agency providing licensed home health services must also meet the standards of this section.
(b) The agency must accept a client for home health services based on a reasonable expectation that the client's medical, nursing, and social needs can be met adequately in the client's residence. An agency has made a reasonable expectation that it can meet a client's needs if, at the time of the agency's acceptance of the client, the client and the agency have agreed as to what needs the agency would meet; for instance, the agency and the client could agree that some needs would be met but not necessarily all needs.
(1) The agency must start providing licensed home health services to a client within a reasonable time after acceptance of the client and according to the agency's policy. The initiation of licensed home health services must be based on the client's health service needs.
(2) An initial health assessment must be performed in the client's residence by the appropriate health care professional prior to or at the time that licensed home health services are initially provided to the client. The assessment must determine whether the agency has the ability to provide the necessary services.
(A) If a practitioner has not ordered skilled care for a client, then the appropriate health care professional must prepare a care plan. The care plan must be developed after consultation with the client and the client's family and must include services to be rendered, the frequency of visits or hours of service, identified problems, method of intervention, and projected date of resolution. The care plan must be reviewed and updated by all appropriate staff members involved in client care at least annually, or more often as necessary to meet the needs of the client.
(B) If a practitioner orders skilled treatment, then the appropriate health care professional must prepare a plan of care. The plan of care must be signed and approved by a practitioner in a timely manner. The plan of care must be developed in conjunction with agency staff and must cover all pertinent diagnoses, including mental status, types of services and equipment required, frequency of visits at the time of admission, prognoses, functional limitations, activities permitted, nutritional requirements, medications and treatments, any safety measures to protect against injury, and any other appropriate items. The appropriate health care personnel must perform services as specified in the plan of care. The plan of care must be revised as necessary, but it must be reviewed and updated at least every six months.
(c) Agency staff must provide at least one home health service.
(d) All services must be provided and supervised by qualified personnel. The appropriate licensed health care professional must be available to supervise as needed, when services are provided. If medical social service is provided, the social worker must be licensed in the state of Texas to provide social work services.
(e) All staff providing services, delegation, and supervision must be employed by or be under contract with the agency.
(f) An agency is not required to employ home health aides. If an agency employs home health aides, the agency must comply with §97.701 of this chapter (relating to Home Health Aides).
(g) Unlicensed personnel employed by an agency to provide licensed home health services must:
(1) have demonstrated competency in the task assigned when competency cannot be determined through education and experience; and
(2) be at least 18 years of age or, if under 18 years of age, be a high school graduate or enrolled in a vocational education program.
(a) In addition to the standards in Subchapter C of this chapter (relating to Minimum Standards for All Licensed Home and Community Support Services Agencies), an agency providing licensed and certified home health services must comply with the requirements of the Social Security Act and the regulations in Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 484. Copies of the regulations adopted by reference in this section are indexed and filed in the Texas Department of Human Services, 701 W. 51st Street, Austin, Texas 78751-2321, and are available for public inspection during regular working hours.
(b) An agency providing licensed and certified home health services that plans to implement a home health aide training and competency evaluation program must meet the requirements in §97.701(d)-(f) of this title (relating to Home Health Aides).
(c) An agency providing licensed and certified home health services that plans to implement a competency evaluation program must comply with §97.701(f) of this title (relating to Home Health Aides).
(d) An agency providing licensed and certified home health services may not use an individual as a home health aide unless:
(1) the individual has met the federal requirements under subsection (a) of this section;
(2) the individual qualifies as a home health aide on the basis of a:
(A) training and competency evaluation program, and the program meets the requirements of subsection (b) of this section; or
(B) competency evaluation program, and the program meets the requirements of subsection (c) of this section; or
(3) the individual is a licensed health care provider.
(e) Since the individual's most recent completion of a training and competency evaluation program or a competency evaluation program, if there has been a period of 24 consecutive months during which the individual has not furnished home health services, the individual will not be considered as having completed a training and competency evaluation program or a competency evaluation program.
(a) In addition to meeting the standards in Subchapter C of this chapter (relating to Minimum Standards for All Home and Community Support Services Agencies), an agency holding a license with the category of personal assistance services must meet the standards of this section.
(b) A person who is not licensed to provide personal assistance services under this chapter may not indicate or imply that the person is licensed to provide personal assistance services by the use of the words "personal assistance services" or in any other manner.
(c) Personal assistance services as defined in §97.2 of this chapter (relating to Definitions) may be performed by an unlicensed person who is at least 18 years of age and has demonstrated competency, when competency cannot be determined through education and experience, to perform the tasks assigned by the supervisor. An unlicensed person who is under 18 years of age, is a high school graduate or is enrolled in a vocational educational program, and has demonstrated competency to perform the tasks assigned by the supervisor, may perform personal assistance services.
(d) The following tasks may be performed under a personal assistance services category:
(1) personal care as defined in §97.2 of this chapter;
(2) health-related tasks provided by unlicensed personnel that may be delegated by an RN or that an RN determines do not require delegation in accordance with the agency's written policy adopted, implemented, and enforced to ensure compliance with the rules adopted by the Texas Board of Nursing in 22 TAC, Chapter 225 (relating to RN Delegation to Unlicensed Personnel and Tasks Not Requiring Delegation in Independent Living Environments for Clients with Stable and Predictable Conditions);
(3) health-related tasks that are not the practice of professional nursing under the memorandum of understanding between DADS and the Texas Board of Nursing; and
(4) health-related tasks that are delegated by a physician under the Occupations Code, Chapter 157.
(e) The agency must ensure that when developing its operational policies, the policies are considerate of principles of individual and family choice and control, functional need, and accessible and flexible services.
(f) In addition to the client record requirements in §97.301(a)(9) of this chapter (relating to Client Records), the client file must include the following:
(1) documentation of determination of services based on an on-site visit by the supervisor where services will be primarily delivered and records of supervisory visits, if applicable;
(2) individualized service plan developed, agreed upon, and signed by the client or family and the agency. The individualized service plan must include, but not be limited to the following:
(A) types of services, supplies, and equipment to be provided;
(B) locations of services;
(C) frequency and duration of services;
(D) planned date of service initiation;
(E) charges for services rendered if the charges will be paid in full or in part by the client or significant other(s), or on request; and
(F) plan of supervision; and
(3) documentation that the services have been provided according to the individualized service plan.
(g) In addition to the written policies required by §97.245 of this chapter (relating to Staffing Policies) the agency must adopt and enforce a written policy addressing the supervision of personnel with input from the client or family on the frequency of supervision.
(1) Supervision of personnel must be in accordance with the agency's policies and applicable state laws and rules, including rules adopted by the Texas Board of Nursing in 22 TAC, Chapter 225.
(2) A supervisor must be a licensed nurse or have completed two years of full-time study at an accredited college or university. An individual with a high school diploma or general equivalence diploma (GED) may substitute one year of full-time employment in a supervisory capacity in a health care facility, agency, or community-based agency for each required year of college.
(3) The client in a client managed attendant care program funded by DADS or the Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services is not required to meet the standard in paragraph (2) of this subsection.
(h) Tube feedings and medication administration through a permanently placed gastrostomy tube (g-tube) in accordance with subsection (d)(3) of this section may be performed by an unlicensed person only after successful completion of the training and competency program and procedures described in paragraphs (1)-(5) of this subsection.
(1) The training and competency program for the performance of g-tube feedings by an unlicensed person must be taught by an RN, physician, physician assistant (PA), or qualified trainer. A qualified trainer must:
(A) have successfully completed the training and competency program described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection taught by an RN, physician, or PA;
(B) have demonstrated upon return demonstration to an RN, physician or PA the performance of the task and the ability to teach the task; and
(C) have been deemed competent by an RN, physician, or PA to train unlicensed personnel in these procedures. Documentation of competency to perform, train and teach must be maintained in the employee's or contractor's file. Competency must be evaluated and documented by an RN, physician or PA annually.
(2) The minimum training program must include:
(A) a description of the g-tube placement, including its purpose;
(B) infection control procedures and universal precautions to be utilized when performing g-tube feedings or medication administration through a g-tube;
(C) a description of conditions that must be reported to the client or the primary caregiver, or in the absence of the primary caregiver, to the agency administrator, supervisor, or the client's physician. The description of conditions must include a plan to be effected if the g-tube comes out or is not positioned correctly to ensure medical attention is provided within one hour;
(D) review of a written procedure for g-tube feeding or medication administration through a g-tube. The written procedure must be equivalent to current acceptable nursing standards of practice, including addressing the crushing of medications;
(E) conditions under which g-tube feeding or medication administration must not be performed; and
(F) demonstration of a g-tube feeding and medication administration to a client. If the trainee will become a qualified trainer, the demonstration must be done by the RN, PA, or physician. If the trainee will not become a qualified trainer, the demonstration may be done by an RN, PA, physician, or qualified trainer.
(3) The minimum competency evaluation must be documented and maintained in the employee's file and must include:
(A) a score of 100% on a written multiple choice test that consists of situational questions to include the criteria in paragraph (2)(A)-(E) of this subsection and an evaluation of the trainee's judgment and understanding of the essential skills, risks, and possible complications of a g-tube feeding or medication administration through a g-tube;
(B) a skills checklist demonstrating that the trainee has successfully completed the necessary skills for a g-tube feeding and medication administration via g-tube, and if the trainee will become a qualified trainer, the skills checklist must also demonstrate the ability to teach another person to perform the task. The skills checklist must be completed by an RN, physician, or PA if the trainee will become a qualified trainer. The skills checklist for a trainee who will not become a qualified trainer may be completed by an RN, physician, PA, or qualified trainer; and
(C) documentation of an accurate demonstration of the g-tube feeding and medication administration performed by the trainee as required by paragraph (2)(F) of this subsection. If the trainee will become a qualified trainer, documentation of competency to teach this task must be maintained in the file of the qualified trainer. The person responsible for the training of the trainee must document the successful demonstration of the g-tube feeding and medication administration via g-tube by the trainee and the trainee's competency to perform this task in the trainee's file.
(4) The client or primary caregiver must provide information on the client's g-tube feeding or medication administration to the agency supervisor. If the client is not capable of directing his or her own care, the client's primary caregiver must be present to instruct and orient the supervisor regarding the client's g-tube feeding and medication regime. A copy of the current regime including unique conditions specific to the client must be placed in the client's file by the agency supervisor and provided to the respite caregiver. The respite caregiver must be oriented by the client, the client's primary caregiver, or the agency supervisor. The supervisor of the delivery of these services must have successfully completed a training and competency program outlined in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection or be a qualified trainer.
(5) Legend medications that are to be administered must be in a legally labeled container from a pharmacy that contains the name of the client. Instructions for dosages according to weight or age for over the counter drugs commonly given the client must be furnished by the primary caregiver to the respite caregiver performing the tube feeding or medication administration.
(a) License designation. An agency may not provide peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis services in a client's residence, independent living environment, or other appropriate location unless the agency holds a license to provide licensed home health or licensed and certified home health services and designated to provide home dialysis services. In order to receive a home dialysis designation, the agency must meet the licensing standards specified in this section and the standards for home health services in accordance with Subchapter C of this title (relating to Minimum Standards for All Home and Community Support Services Agencies) and §97.401 of this title (relating to Standards Specific to Licensed Home Health Services) except for §97.401(b)(2)(A) and (B) of this title (relating to Standards Specific to Licensed Home Health Services). If there is a conflict between the standards specified in this section and those specified in Subchapter C of this title (relating to Minimum Standards for All Home and Community Support Services Agencies) §97.401 of this title (relating to Standards Specific to Licensed Home Health Services), the standards specified in this section will apply to the home dialysis services.
(b) Governing body. An agency must have a governing body. The governing body must appoint a medical director and the physicians who are on the agency's medical staff. The governing body must annually approve the medical staff policies and procedures. The governing body on a biannual basis must review and consider for approval continuing privileges of the agency's medical staff. The minutes from the governing body of the agency must be on file in the agency office.
(c) Qualifications and responsibilities of the medical director.
(1) Qualifications. The medical director must be a physician licensed in the State of Texas who:
(A) is eligible for certification or is certified in nephrology or pediatric nephrology by a professional board; or
(B) during the five-year period prior to September 1, 1996, served at least 12 months as director of a dialysis facility or program.
(2) Responsibilities. The medical director must:
(A) participate in the selection of a suitable treatment modality for all clients;
(B) assure adequate training of nurses in dialysis techniques;
(C) assure adequate monitoring of the client and the dialysis process; and
(D) assure the development and availability of a client care policy and procedures manual and its implementation.
(d) Personnel files. An agency must have individual personnel files on all physicians, including the medical director. The file must include the following:
(1) a curriculum vitae which documents undergraduate, medical school, and all pertinent post graduate training; and
(2) evidence of current licensure, and evidence of current United States Drug Enforcement Administration certification, Texas Department of Public Safety registration, and the board eligibility or certification, or the experience or training described in subsection (c)(1) of this section.
(e) Provision of services. An agency that provides home staff-assisted dialysis must, at a minimum, provide nursing services, nutritional counseling, and medical social service. These services must be provided as necessary and as appropriate at the client's home, by telephone, or by a client's visit to a licensed ESRD facility in accordance with this subsection. The use of dialysis technicians in home dialysis is prohibited.
(1) Nursing services.
(A) A registered nurse (RN), licensed by the State of Texas, who has at least 18 months experience in hemodialysis obtained within the last 24 months and has successfully completed the orientation and skills education described in subsection (f) of this section, must be available whenever dialysis treatments are in progress in a client's home. The agency administrator must designate a qualified alternate to this registered nurse.
(B) Dialysis services must be supervised by an RN who meets the qualifications for a supervising nurse as set out in §97.244(c)(2) of this title (relating to Administrator Qualifications and Conditions and Supervising Nurse Qualifications).
(C) Dialysis services must be provided by a qualified licensed nurse who:
(i) is licensed as a registered or licensed vocational nurse by the State of Texas;
(ii) has at least 18 months experience in hemodialysis obtained within the last 24 months; and
(iii) has successfully completed the orientation and skills education described in subsection (f) of this section.
(2) Nutritional counseling. A dietitian who meets the qualifications of this paragraph must be employed by or under contract with the agency to provide services. A qualified dietitian must meet the definition of dietitian in §97.2 of this chapter (relating to Definitions) and have at least one year of experience in clinical nutrition after obtaining eligibility for registration by the American Dietetic Association, Commission on Dietetic Registration.
(3) Medical social services. A social worker who meets the qualifications established in this paragraph must be employed by or be under contract with the agency to provide services. A qualified social worker is a person who:
(A) is currently licensed under the laws of the State of Texas as a social worker and has a master's degree in social work from a graduate school of social work accredited by the Council on Social Work Education; or
(B) has served for at least two years as a social worker, one year of which was in a dialysis facility or program prior to September 1, 1976, and has established a consultative relationship with a licensed master social worker.
(f) Orientation, skills education, and evaluation.
(1) All personnel providing dialysis in the home must receive orientation and skills education and demonstrate knowledge of the following:
(A) anatomy and physiology of the normal kidney;
(B) fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance;
(C) pathophysiology of renal disease;
(D) acceptable laboratory values for the client with renal disease;
(E) theoretical aspects of dialysis;
(F) vascular access and maintenance of blood flow;
(G) technical aspects of dialysis;
(H) peritoneal dialysis catheter, testing for peritoneal membrane equilibration, and peritoneal dialysis adequacy clearance, if applicable;
(I) the monitoring of clients during treatment, beginning with treatment initiation through termination;
(J) the recognition of dialysis complications, emergency conditions, and institution of the appropriate corrective action. This includes training agency personnel in emergency procedures and how to use emergency equipment;
(K) psychological, social, financial, and physical complications of chronic dialysis;
(L) care of the client with chronic renal failure;
(M) dietary modifications and medications for the uremic client;
(N) alternative forms of treatment for ESRD;
(O) the role of renal health team members (physician, nurse, social worker, and dietitian);
(P) performance of laboratory tests (hematocrit and blood glucose);
(Q) the theory of blood products and blood administration; and
(R) water treatment to include:
(i) standards for treatment of water used for dialysis as described in §3.2.1 (Hemodialysis Systems) and §3.2.2 (Maximum Level of Chemical Contaminants) of the American National Standard, Hemodialysis Systems, March 1992 Edition, published by the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI), 3330 Washington Boulevard, Suite 500, Arlington, Virginia 22201. Copies of the standards are indexed and filed in the Department of Aging and Disability Services, 701 W. 51st Street, Austin, Texas 78751-2321, and are available for public inspection during regular working hours;
(ii) systems and devices;
(iii) monitoring; and
(iv) risks to clients of unsafe water.
(2) The requirements for the orientation and skills education period for licensed nurses are as follows.
(A) The agency must develop an 80-hour written orientation program that includes classroom theory and direct observation of the licensed nurse performing procedures on a client in the home.
(i) The orientation program must be provided by a registered nurse qualified under subsection (e)(1) of this section to supervise the provision of dialysis services by a licensed nurse.
(ii) The licensed nurse must pass a written skills examination or competency evaluation at the conclusion of the orientation program and prior to the time the licensed nurse delivers independent client care.
(B) The licensed nurse must complete the required classroom component as described in paragraph (1)(A)-(E), (K)-(O), (Q) and (R) of this subsection and satisfactorily demonstrate the skills described in paragraph (1)(F)-(J) and (P) of this subsection. The orientation program may be waived by successful completion of the written examination as described in subparagraph (A)(ii) of this paragraph.
(C) The supervising nurse or qualified designee must complete an orientation competency skills checklist for each licensed nurse to reflect the progression of learned skills, as described in subsection (f)(1) of this section.
(D) Prior to the delivery of independent client care, the supervising nurse or qualified designee must directly supervise the licensed nurse for a minimum of three dialysis treatments and ensure satisfactory performance. Dependent upon the trainee's experience and accomplishments on the skills checklist, additional supervised dialysis treatments may be required.
(E) Continuing education for employees must be provided quarterly.
(F) Performance evaluations must be done annually.
(G) The supervising nurse or qualified designee must provide direct supervision to the licensed nurse providing dialysis services monthly or more often if necessary. Direct supervision means that the supervising nurse is on the premises but not necessarily immediately present where dialysis services are being provided.
(g) Hospital transfer procedure. An agency must establish an effective procedure for the immediate transfer to a local Medicare-certified hospital for clients requiring emergency medical care. The agency must have a written transfer agreement with such a hospital, or all physician members of the agency's medical staff must have admitting privileges at such a hospital.
(h) Backup dialysis services. An agency that supplies home staff-assisted dialysis must have an agreement with a licensed end stage renal disease (ESRD) facility to provide backup outpatient dialysis services.
(i) Coordination of medical and other information. An agency must provide for the exchange of medical and other information necessary or useful in the care and treatment of clients transferred between treating facilities. This provision must also include the transfer of the client care plan, hepatitis B status, and long-term program.
(j) Transplant recipient registry program. An agency must ensure that the names of clients awaiting cadaveric donor transplantation are entered in a recipient registry program.
(k) Testing for hepatitis B. An agency must conduct routine testing of home dialysis clients and agency employees to ensure detection of hepatitis B in employees and clients.
(1) An agency must offer hepatitis B vaccination to previously unvaccinated, susceptible new staff members in accordance with 29 Code of Federal Regulations, §1910.1030(f)(1) (2) (Bloodborne Pathogens).
(A) Staff vaccination records must be maintained in each staff member's personnel file.
(B) New staff members providing home dialysis care must be screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and the results reviewed prior to the staff providing client care, unless the new staff member provides the agency documentation of positive serologic response to hepatitis B vaccine.
(C) An agency must establish, implement, and enforce a policy for repeated serologic screening of staff. The repeated serologic screening must be based on each staff member's HBsAg/antibody to HBsAg (anti-HBs), and must be congruent with Appendices i and ii of the National Surveillance of Dialysis Associated Disease in the United States, 1993, published by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). This document may be obtained by writing the Home and Community Support Services Program, Department of Aging and Disability Services, 701 W. 51st Street, Austin, Texas 78751-2321 or calling 438-3011 or writing the United States Department of Health and Human Services at the Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Hospital Infection Program, Mail Stop C01, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, or calling 404-639-2318.
(2) With the advice and consent of a client's nephrologist or attending physician, an agency must make the hepatitis B vaccine available to a client who is susceptible to hepatitis B, provided that the client has coverage or is willing to pay for vaccination.
(A) An agency must make available to clients literature describing the risks and benefits of the hepatitis B vaccination.
(B) Candidates for home dialysis must be screened for HBsAg within one month before or at the time of admission to the agency.
(C) Repeated serologic screening must be based on the antigen or antibody status of the client.
(D) Monthly screening for HBsAg is required for clients whose previous test results are negative for HBsAg.
(E) Screening of HbsAg-positive or anti-HbsAg-positive clients may be performed on a less frequent basis, provided that the agency's policy on this subject remains congruent with Appendices i and ii of the National Surveillance of Dialysis Associated Diseases in the United States, 1993, published by the USDHHS.
(l) CPR certification. All direct client care employees must have current CPR certification.
(m) Initial admission assessment. Assessment of the client's residence must be made to ensure a safe physical environment for the performance of dialysis. The initial admission assessment must be performed by a qualified registered nurse who meets the qualifications under subsection (e)(1)(A) of this section.
(n) Client long-term program. The agency must develop a long-term program for each client admitted to home dialysis. Criteria must be defined in writing and must provide guidance to the agency in the selection of clients suitable for home staff-assisted dialysis and in noting changes in a client's condition that would require discharge from the program. For the purposes of this subsection, Long-term program means the written documentation of the selection of a suitable treatment modality and dialysis setting which has been selected by the client and the interdisciplinary team.
(o) Client history and physical. The agency must ensure that the history and physical is conducted upon the client's admission or no more than six months prior to the date of admission, then annually after the date of admission.
(p) Physician orders. If home staff-assisted dialysis is selected, the physician must prepare orders outlining specifics of prescribed treatment.
(1) If these physician's orders are received verbally, they must be confirmed in writing within a reasonable time frame. An agency must adopt and enforce a policy on the time frame for the countersignature of a physician's verbal orders. Medical orders for home staff-assisted dialysis must be revised as necessary but reviewed and updated at least every six months.
(2) The initial orders for home staff-assisted dialysis must be received prior to the first treatment and must cover all pertinent diagnoses, including mental status, prognosis, functional limitations, activities permitted, nutritional requirements, medications and treatments, and any safety measures to protect against injury. Orders for home staff-assisted dialysis must include frequency and length of treatment, target weight, type of dialyzer, dialysate, dialysate flow rate, heparin dosage, and blood flow rate, and must specify the level of preparation required for the caregiver, such as a licensed vocational nurse or registered nurse.
(q) Client care plan. The client care plan must be developed after consultation with the client and the client's family by the interdisciplinary team. The interdisciplinary team must include the physician, the registered nurse, the dietitian, and the qualified social worker responsible for planning the care delivered to the home staff-assisted dialysis patient.
(1) The initial client care plan must be completed by the interdisciplinary team within ten calendar days after the first home dialysis treatment.
(2) The client care plan must implement the medical orders and must include services to be rendered, such as the identification of problems, methods of intervention, and the assignment of health care personnel.
(3) The client care plan must be in writing, be personalized for the individual, and reflect the ongoing medical, psychological, social, nutritional, and functional needs of the client, including treatment goals.
(4) The client care plan must include written evidence of coordination with other service providers, such as dialysis facilities or transportation providers, as needed to assure the provision of safe care.
(5) The client care plan must include written evidence of the client's or client's legal representative's input and participation, unless they refuse to participate. At a minimum, the client care plan must demonstrate that the content was shared with the client or the client's legal representative.
(6) For non-stabilized clients, where there is a change in modality, unacceptable laboratory work, uncontrolled weight changes, infections, or a change in family status, the client care plan must be reviewed at least monthly by the interdisciplinary team. Evidence of the review of the client care plan with the client and the interdisciplinary team to evaluate the client's progress or lack of progress toward the goals of the care plan, and interventions taken when progress toward stabilization or the goals are not achieved, must be documented and included in the client record.
(7) For a stable client, the client care plan must be reviewed and updated as indicated by any change in the client's medical, nutritional, or psychosocial condition or at least every six months. The long-term program must be revised as needed and reviewed annually. Evidence of the review of the client care plan with the client and the interdisciplinary team to evaluate the client's progress or lack of progress toward the goals of the care plan, and interventions taken when the goals are not achieved, must be documented and included in the client record.
(r) Medication administration. Medications must be administered only by licensed personnel.
(s) Client records. In addition to the applicable information described in §97.301(a)(9) of this chapter (relating to Client Records), records of home staff assisted dialysis clients must include the following:
(1) a medical history and physical;
(2) clinical progress notes by the physician, qualified licensed nurse, qualified dietitian, and qualified social worker;
(3) dialysis treatment records;
(4) laboratory reports;
(5) a client care plan;
(6) a long-term program; and
(7) documentation of supervisory visits.
(t) Water treatment.
(1) Water used for dialysis purposes must be analyzed for chemical contaminants every six months. Additional chemical analysis must be conducted if test results exceed the maximum levels of chemical contaminants listed in §3.2.2 (Maximum Level of Chemical Contaminants) of the American National Standards for Hemodialysis Systems, March 1992 Edition, published by the AAMI. Copies of the standards are indexed and filed in the Department of Aging and Disability Services, 701 W. 51st Street, Austin, Texas 78751-2321, and are available for public inspection during regular working hours.
(2) Water used for dialysis must be treated as necessary to maintain a continuous water supply that is biologically and chemically compatible with acceptable dialysis techniques.
(3) Water used to prepare dialysate must meet the requirements set forth in §3.2.1 (Hemodialysis Systems) and §3.2.2 (Maximum Level of Chemical Contaminants), March 1992 Edition, published by the AAMI. Copies of the standards are indexed and filed in the Department of Aging and Disability Services, 701 W. 51st Street, Austin, Texas 78751-2321, and are available for public inspection during regular working hours.
(4) Records of test results and equipment maintenance must be maintained at the agency.
(u) Equipment testing. An agency must adopt and enforce a policy to describe how the nurse will check the machine for conductivity, temperature, and pH prior to treatment, and describe the equipment required for these tests. The equipment must be available for use prior to each treatment. This policy must reflect current standards.
(v) Preventive maintenance for equipment. An agency must develop, and enforce a written preventive maintenance program to ensure client care related equipment receives electrical safety inspections, if appropriate, and maintenance at least annually or more frequently if recommended by the manufacturer. The preventive maintenance may be provided by agency or contract staff qualified by training or experience in the maintenance of dialysis equipment.
(1) All equipment used by a client in home dialysis must be maintained free of defects, which could be a potential hazard to clients, the client's family or agency personnel.
(A) Agency staff must be able to identify malfunctioning equipment and report such equipment to the appropriate agency staff. Malfunctioning equipment must be immediately removed from use.
(B) Written evidence of all preventive maintenance and equipment repairs must be maintained.
(C) After repairs or alterations are made to any equipment, the equipment must be thoroughly tested for proper operation before returning to service.
(D) An agency must comply with the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 21 United States Code (USC), §360i(b), concerning reporting when a medical device as defined in 21 USC, §321(h) has or may have caused or contributed to the injury or death of an agency client.
(2) In the event that the water used for dialysis purposes or home dialysis equipment is found not to meet safe operating parameters, and corrections cannot be effected to ensure safe care promptly, the client must be transferred to a licensed hospital (if inpatient care is required) or licensed ESRD facility until such time as the water or equipment is found to be operating within safe parameters.
(w) Reuse or reprocessing of medical devices. Reuse or reprocessing of disposable medical devices, including but not limited to, dialyzers, end-caps, and blood lines must be in accordance with this subsection.
(1) An agency's reuse practice must comply with the American National Standard, Reuse of Hemodialyzers, 1993 Edition, published by the AAMI. An agency must adopt and enforce a policy for dialyzer reuse criteria (including any agency-set number of reuses allowed) which is included in client education materials.
(2) A transducer protector must be replaced when wetted during a dialysis treatment and must be used for one treatment only.
(3) Arterial lines may be reused only when the arterial lines are labeled to allow for reuse by the manufacturer and the manufacturer-established protocols for the specific line have been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration.
(4) An agency must consider and address the health and safety of clients sensitive to disinfectant solution residuals.
(5) An agency must provide each client and the client's family or legal representative with information regarding the reuse practices of the agency, the opportunity to tour the reuse facility used by the agency, and the opportunity to have questions answered.
(6) An agency practicing reuse of dialyzers must:
(A) ensure that dialyzers are reprocessed via automated reprocessing equipment in a licensed ESRD facility or a centralized reprocessing facility;
(B) maintain responsibility and accountability for the entire reuse process;
(C) adopt and enforce policies to ensure that the transfer and transport of used and reprocessed dialyzers to and from the client's home does not increase contamination of the dialyzers, staff, or the environment; and
(D) ensure that DADS staff has access to the reprocessing facility as part of an agency inspection.
(x) Laboratory services. Provision of laboratory services must be as follows.
(1) All laboratory services ordered for the client by a physician must be performed by a laboratory which meets the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988, 42 United States Code, §263a, Certification of Laboratories (CLIA 1988) and in accordance with a written arrangement or agreement with the agency. CLIA 1988 applies to all agencies with laboratories that examine human specimens for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of any disease or impairment of, or the assessment of the health of, human beings.
(2) Copies of all laboratory reports must be maintained in the client's medical record.
(3) Hematocrit and blood glucose tests may be performed at the client's home in accordance with §97.284 of this title (relating to Laboratory Services). Results of these tests must be recorded in the client's medical record and signed by the qualified licensed nurse providing the treatment. Maintenance, calibration, and quality control studies must be performed according to the equipment manufacturer's suggestions, and the results must be maintained at the agency.
(4) Blood and blood products must only be administered to dialysis clients in their homes by a licensed nurse or physician.
(y) Home dialysis supplies. Supplies for home dialysis must meet the following requirements.
(1) All drugs, biologicals, and legend medical devices must be obtained for each client pursuant to a physician's prescription in accordance with applicable rules of the Texas State Board of Pharmacy.
(2) In conjunction with the client's attending physician, the agency must ensure that there are sufficient supplies maintained in the client's home to perform the scheduled dialysis treatments and to provide a reasonable number of backup items for replacements, if needed, due to breakage, contamination, or defective products. All dialysis supplies, including medications, must be delivered directly to the client's home by a vendor of such products. However, agency personnel may transport prescription items from a vendor's place of business to the client's home for the client's convenience, so long as the item is properly labeled with the client's name and direction for use. Agency personnel may transport medical devices for reuse.
(z) Emergency procedures. The agency must adopt and enforce policies and procedures for medical emergencies and emergencies resulting from a disaster.
(1) Procedures must be individualized for each client to include the appropriate evacuation from the home and emergency telephone numbers. Emergency telephone numbers must be posted at each client's home and must include 911 if available, the number of the physician, the ambulance, the qualified registered nurse on call for home dialysis, and any other phone number deemed as an emergency number.
(2) The agency must ensure that the client and the client's family know the agency's procedures for medical emergencies and emergencies resulting from a disaster.
(3) The agency must ensure that the client and the client's family know the procedure for disconnecting the dialysis equipment.
(4) The agency must ensure that the client and the client's family know emergency call procedures.
(5) A working telephone must be available during the dialysis procedure.
(6) Depending on the kinds of medications administered, an agency must have available emergency drugs as specified by the medical director.
(7) In the event of a medical emergency or an emergency resulting from a disaster requiring transport to a hospital for care, the agency must assure the following:
(A) the receiving hospital is given advance notice of the client's arrival;
(B) the receiving hospital is given a description of the client's health status; and
(C) the selection of personnel, vehicle, and equipment are appropriate to effect a safe transfer.
An agency that provides skilled nursing psychoactive treatments must comply with the requirements of this section.
(1) An agency must adopt and enforce a written policy relating to the provision of psychoactive treatments consistent with this section.
(2) Skilled nursing psychoactive treatments must be under the direction of a physician. Psychoactive treatments may only be provided by a physician or a registered nurse.
(3) A registered nurse providing skilled nursing psychoactive treatments must have one of the following qualifications:
(A) a master's degree in psychiatric or mental health nursing;
(B) a bachelor's degree in nursing with one year of full-time experience in an active treatment unit in a mental health facility or outpatient clinic;
(C) a diploma or associate degree with two years of full-time experience in an active treatment unit in a mental health facility or outpatient clinic; or
(D) for a registered nurse for Medicare-certified agencies, as allowed by the fiscal intermediary for Texas contracting with the United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).
(4) An agency must have written documentation that a registered nurse providing skilled nursing psychoactive treatments is qualified under paragraph (3) of this subsection.
(5) The initial health assessment of a client receiving skilled nursing psychoactive treatments must include:
(A) mental status including psychological and behavioral status;
(B) sensory and motor function;
(C) cranial nerve function;
(D) language function; and
(E) any other criteria established by an agency's policy.
An agency furnishing intravenous therapy directly or under arrangement must comply with the following standards of care.
(1) A physician's order must be written specifically for intravenous therapy.
(2) Intravenous therapy must be provided by a licensed nurse.
(3) To insure that prescribed care is administered safely, a licensed nurse must have the knowledge and documented competency to interpret and implement the written order.
(4) Written policies and procedures regarding the agency's provision of intravenous therapy must include, but are not limited to, addressing initiation, medication administration, monitoring, and discontinuation. Responsibilities of the licensed nurse must be clearly delineated in written policies and procedures.
(5) A registered nurse must be available 24 hours a day.
(6) The client and caregiver must be assessed for the ability to safely administer the prescribed intravenous therapy as per agency written criteria.
(7) If the client or caregiver is willing and able to safely administer the prescribed intravenous therapy, the agency must offer to teach the client or caregiver such administration. The teaching process is based on the client and caregiver needs and may include written instructions, verbal explanations, demonstrations, evaluation and documentation of competency, proficiency in performing intravenous therapy, scope of physical activities, and safe disposal of equipment.
(8) Actions must be implemented prior to and during all intravenous therapy to minimize the risk of anaphylaxis or other adverse reactions as stated in the agency's written policy.
(9) An ongoing assessment of client and caregiver compliance in performing intravenous therapy related procedures must be done at periodic intervals.
(10) Care coordination must be provided in order to assure continuity of care.
(11) The client and caregiver must be provided with 24-hour access to appropriate health care professionals employed by or having a contract with the agency.