Appendix II, Definition of Income

Revision 19-0; Effective July 1, 2019



Types of Income Countable Exempt
  Adoption Payments  
Cash Gifts and Contributions            
Child Support Payments  
Child's Earned Income  
Crime Victim's Compensation  
Disability Insurance Benefits  
Dividends, Interest and Royalties  
Educational Assistance  
Energy Assistance  
Foster Care Payment  
In-kind Income  
Job Training  
Loans (Noneducational)  
Lump-Sum Payments
Military Pay  
Mineral Rights  
Pensions and Annuities  
RSDI/Social Security Payments  
Self-Employment Income  
SSI Payments  
Unemployment Compensation  
Veteran's Administration
Wages and Salaries, Commissions  
Workers’ Compensation  

A description of all types of countable income is provided below.

Cash Gifts and Contributions – Count unless they are made by a private, nonprofit organization based on need, and total $300 or less per household in a federal fiscal quarter. The federal fiscal quarters are January through March, April through June, July through September and October through December. If these contributions exceed $300 in a quarter, count the excess amount as income in the month received.

Exempt any cash contribution for common household expenses, such as food, rent, utilities and items for home maintenance, if it is received from a noncertified household member who:

  • lives in the home with the certified household member;
  • shares household expenses with the certified household member; and
  • does not have a landlord/tenant relationship.

Child Support Payments – Count income after deducting $75 from the total monthly child support payments the household receives.

Disability Insurance Payments/SSDI – Social Security Disability Insurance is a payroll tax-funded, federal insurance program of the Social Security Administration.

Dividends, Interest and Royalties – This income is countable with an exception:  Exempt dividends from insurance policies as income. Count royalties minus any amount deducted for production expenses and severance taxes.

Loans (Noneducational) – Count as income unless there is an understanding that the money will be repaid, and the person can reasonably explain how he or she will repay it.

Lump-Sum Payments – Count as income in the month received if the person receives it, or expects to receive it, more often than once a year. Exempt lump sums received once a year or less, unless specifically listed as income.

Military Pay – Count military pay and allowances for housing, food, base pay and flight pay, minus pay withheld to fund education under the G.I. Bill.

Mineral Rights – A payment received from the excavation of minerals such as oil, natural gas, coal, gold, copper, iron, limestone, gypsum, sand and gravel.

Pensions and Annuities – A pension is any benefit derived from former employment, such as retirement benefits or disability pensions.

Reimbursements – Countable, minus the actual expenses. Exempt a reimbursement for future expenses only if the household plans to use it as intended.

RSDI/Social Security Payments – Count the Retirement, Survivors and Disability Insurance (RSDI) benefit amount including the deduction for the Medicare premium, minus any amount that is being recouped for a prior RSDI overpayment.

Self-Employment Income – Count total gross earned, minus the allowable costs of producing the self-employment income.

Terminated Employment – Count terminated income in the month received. Use actual income and do not use conversion factors if terminated income is less than the income received in a full month. Income is terminated if it will not be received in the next usual payment cycle.

Unemployment Compensation Payments – Count the gross benefit less any amount being recouped for an Unemployment Insurance Benefit overpayment.

VA Payments – Count the gross Veterans Administration (VA) payment, minus any amount being recouped for a VA overpayment. Exempt VA special needs payments, such as annual clothing allowances or monthly payments for an attendant for disabled veterans.

Wages, Salaries, Tips and Commissions – Count the actual (not taxable) gross amount. 

Workers’ Compensation – Count the gross payment, minus any amount being recouped for a prior workers’ compensation overpayment or paid for attorney’s fees.  Note: The Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) or a court sets the amount of the attorney’s fee to be paid.