Section 1000, LIDDA Overview

Revision 19-4; Effective September 9, 2019


House Bill 3 of the 59th Legislature (1965) created the structure now known as the local intellectual and developmental disability authority (LIDDA). In the 1960s, the state moved to provide mental health and intellectual disability services in the community rather than in institutions. Community centers were created to provide community-based services and address the needs of persons returning to their communities from state supported living centers (SSLCs), Medicaid-certified nursing facilities and state hospitals. Each center has a designated local service area comprised of one or more Texas counties.

The LIDDA was developed as a means for the state to delegate its authority and responsibilities related to planning, policy development, coordination, resource allocation, resource development, and oversight of community intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) services throughout the state. The state is required to contract with the designated LIDDAs and provides funding for the delegated functions and for required community-based services to be provided in each service area.

In the Texas Health and Safety Code, Title 7, Subtitle A, Chapter 533A, §533A.0355, and in Texas Administrative Code, Title 40, Part 1, Chapter 2, Subchapter G, §2.305 (LIDDA’s Role and Responsibilities), each LIDDA serves as the single point of access to certain publicly funded services and supports for the residents within the LIDDA's local service area. A LIDDA's responsibilities include: