Obesity Disparities in South and East Texas
In August 2015, the Texas Health and Human Service Commission, Office of Minority Health Statistics and Engagement (OMHSE), formerly known as the Center for Elimination of Disproportionality and Disparities, , was awarded a 5-year grant from the U.S. Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health for the State Partnership Initiative to Address Health Disparities (SPIAHD). The purpose of this initiative is to develop authentic partnerships to improve health outcomes in target areas of East and South Texas and address obesity disparities that affect minority populations.
The Texas SPIAHD project aims to:
- Reduce obesity rates
- Increase Body Mass Index (BMI), diabetes and hypertension screening and referral services among African American and Hispanic adults in Beaumont, Port Arthur and Laredo.
To increase awareness of health disparities, OMHSE has developed and regularly updates Obesity Disparities Profiles for each target community identifying and expanding on adult obesity disparity information. To implement project activities OMHSE will conduct community projects with local community partners in each of the target areas:
- Increase community-clinical linkages for African American and Hispanic adults with obesity, diabetes, and/or hypertension through coordinated community wellness events that provide onsite screening and referral services;
- Enhance and promote locally based social media platform to inform community members of local resources, upcoming wellness events, and educational health information related to obesity, diabetes, or hypertension; and
- Promote efforts to increase knowledge and awareness of health disparities and health status of local community, to increase cultural responsiveness of service providers, and to promote culturally and linguistically appropriate healthy lifestyle resources.
Obesity Disparity Profiles
African American and Hispanic Texans experience obesity at higher rates than White Texans. This disparity is mirrored in the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in Texas' minority populations. Obesity is a modifiable risk factor that contributes to chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes and therefore is the focus of the SPIAHD project.
When we examine the Texas population by race/ethnicity, in 2014 the Texas population was 43.5% White, 12.5% African American, and 38.6% Hispanic. For the same year, the obese population in Texas was 26.7% White, 40.7% African American, and 35.8% Hispanic.
Based on the overall Texas population we would expect to see similar proportions by race/ethnicity in the obese population of Texas. However, there is an underrepresentation of White individuals and an overrepresentation of African American individuals in the obese population in Texas.
Whites make up 43.5% of the Texas population but only 26.7% of the obese population, while African Americans make up 12.5% of the Texas population but 40.7% of the obese population. The Hispanic population is closer to what we would expect to see because they make up 38.6% of the Texas population and 35.8% of the obese population. Given that African Americans and Hispanics together make up over 75% of the obese population in Texas, the SPIAHD project aims to reduce obesity in these two racial/ethnic groups.
- Jefferson County Obesity Disparities Profile: Port Arthur (PDF)
- Jefferson County Obesity Disparities Profile: Beaumont (PDF)
- Webb County Obesity Disparities Profile: Laredo (PDF)
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